What is an accounting information system? 6 ingredients and real examples

Accounting information system It is a very important part of running a business. So, what is this system, what components does it include and what benefits does it bring to the business? In this article, Viindoo will share with readers the functions, components and benefits that the system brings to businesses.  

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What is an accounting information system?

Accounting information system (AIS - Accounting information system) is a tool to help businesses collect, aggregate, manage, store, process, retrieve and report financial - accounting data automatically and more efficiently.

AIS is used by consultants, management, business analysts, chief financial officers (CFOs), accountants, regulators and tax authorities. Accountants are highly trained to use AIS proficiently, ensuring the highest accuracy and reliability for your financial transactions and financial records.

Accounting Information System - Accounting Information SystemAccounting Information System - Accounting Information System

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Functions of accounting information system

Accounting information system(AIS) is an important structure in the collection, storage and processing of financial and accounting data of enterprises. With this important role, function of accounting information system To be:

  • Provide timely financial statements to relevant stakeholders such as customers, investors, auditors and even internal management.
  • Update and prepare accurate information to plan and run daily operations.

In addition, this system also supports the control of business operations by:

  • Monitor compliance with business processes
  • Protect the intellectual and physical assets of the business
  • Ensure information is always processed accurately and timely. This helps businesses achieve greater efficiency and competitiveness in the market.

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Components of the accounting information system

Accounting information system (AIS) is a complex structure used to manage the financial - accounting data warehouse of enterprises. To better understand how AIS operates, learn about its components below.


The human component in the accounting information system is understood as the system user. These users have the role of receiving, processing and using information from the system. Specifically, hThis system is used by professionals in the fields of accounting, consulting, business analysts, financial managers and auditors.

With an effective accounting information system, all employees in the organization are authorized to access and receive the necessary information. Users are provided with the ability to track, process and report accounting data accurately and consistently. This enhances financial understanding, risk management and strategic decision making based on accurate and reliable information. 

In addition, the system should also be designed to cater to external stakeholders, including customers, investors and auditors. Not only internal employees, the system also simplifies information sharing with external stakeholders.

The system of accounting experts sets the right direction for financial managementThe system of accounting experts sets the right direction for financial management

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AIS is an effective assistant in the business because of storing and processing a huge amount of information. To ensure the accuracy and reliability of information, the accounting information system must be structured according to a database like SQL, a popular structured query language in the database field. .

To meet the needs of different users, accounting information systems need to be designed with many different input and output formats. The types of data in the system also depend on the size and type of the business, including information about:

  • Document Sell
  • Customer's payment statement
  • Business analysis document
  • Order request
  • Transaction invoice from supplier
  • Check the registry
  • General Ledger
  • Investigation data
  • Information regarding payroll, timesheets and tax reports.

By storing all these types of data in a single location, accounting information systems facilitate recordkeeping, analysis, reporting, auditing or decision-making. Thanks to this system, data has complete, accurate and reliable, which forms the basis for generating important accounting reports and supporting business decisions.

Accounting information management system to support data processingAccounting information management system to support data processing

Procedures and instructions

In an accounting information system, the procedure and instruction component plays an important role in collecting, synthesizing, storing, managing, retrieving and processing data. These jobs are all automated and can collect data from both internal and external sources. Examples include internal (internal) employees and customer (external) online orders.

To ensure the effectiveness and consistency of accounting information systems, procedures and instructions need to be codified and guided by documentation and training. In addition, ensuring compliance with procedures and guidelines is also an important factor in optimizing the effectiveness of the accounting information system.

Procedures and guidelines make it easy for employees to comply with company regulationsProcedures and guidelines make it easy for employees to comply with company regulations


Computer programs in the accounting information management system are developed and optimized to meet the needs of enterprises. These software have a variety of features and utilities, making the financial management of the business more efficient and simplifying accounting-related tasks.

Besides, along with the development of technology, the software in the accounting information management system is becoming more and more easy to use and user-friendly. This makes it easy for businesses to use and manage their financial information conveniently and quickly.

Management software to maximize work for accountantsManagement software to maximize work for accountants

IT Infrastructure

The infrastructureIT used to operate the AIS include the necessary components such as: computers, servers, printers, mobile devices, voltage stabilizers, routers, storage devices and power supplies backup (UPS, generator). To choose the right hardware for an AIS system, businesses need to consider factors such as cost, speed, storage capacity, scalability and system upgrade.

Choosing the right hardware not only ensures compatibility, but also optimizes system performance. To meet demand, businesses can choose a turnkey system that includes both hardware and software to ensure compatibility and optimization.

In addition, a good AIS system needs to have a plan for maintenance, servicing, replacement and upgrading of hardware system components. If hardware is damaged and outdated, businesses will have to pay close attention to ensure the safety of sensitive data.

A baseIT Advanced technology will help businesses easily process and secure dataA baseIT Advanced technology will help businesses easily process and secure data

Internal control

KInternal control is an extremely important security element to protect the sensitive information of the business. Businesses can use simple methods such as setting a password or more complex biometric identification: Fingerprint, voice, and face recognition.

The accounting information system needs to have internal control measures. This is to prevent unauthorized access to the computer and limit the access rights of authorized users, including those within the enterprise. We need to prevent unauthorized access to files that are only allowed to access selected parts of the system.

The accounting information system also contains confidential information not only of the business but also of employees and customers. This data may include information such as:

  • ID number/CCCD
  • Social insurance and health insurance number
  • Salary and personnel information
  • Credit Card Number
  • Customer information
  • Financial information of business and financial information of suppliers
Internal control helps the company better visualize the work of each organizationInternal control helps the company better visualize the work of each organization

To ensure the safety of data on the system, all data in the system must be encrypted and the system access history should be monitored. In addition, activities on the system need to be monitored to detect and prevent unauthorized behavior.

In order to protect the system from viruses, hackers and external and internal threats, accounting information systems need to be protected with appropriate cybersecurity measures. At the same time, disasters such as fires, floods, earthquakes, and power outages can also cause loss of important data on the system. Therefore, it is necessary to take precautions and precautions to minimize the consequences.

How to build an accounting information system in an enterprise

The following content will share with businesses how to build accounting information system most comprehensive. Consult now!


The accounting information system (AIS) is an integral part of the accounting management of businesses in Vietnam. However, the construction and completion of AIS are still facing many difficulties. To make it happen What is the role of accounting information systems? In business, the following 4 factors will help readers design AIS effectively:

  • First, a combination of financial accounting and corporate accounting is necessary. This helps ensure the integrity of accounting information and at the same time meets the administrative needs of the business.
  • Second, designing the circulation process for accounting vouchers is an important step. This process helps to ensure the accuracy and transparency of accounting information, thereby making management easier and avoiding errors.
  • Third, provide administrative information thanks to the system of accounts and accounting books.
  • Finally, organize the reporting system in a way that suits the needs of the business. This reporting system helps managers make accurate and timely decisions, thereby helping businesses develop more sustainably in the future.
4 factors to build a perfect accounting information system4 factors to build a perfect accounting information system


Accounting information system (AIS) is one of the important factors to improve the management efficiency and competitiveness of enterprises. However, the security issue for this system is also one of the challenges businesses need to pay attention to. To build a secure accounting information system, please note some important measures such as:

  • Prevent illegal access to the system
  • Monitor and manage access to the system
  • Protect processing devices from physical intrusion
  • Applying modern technology systems to support security
  • Ensure the security of stored accounting data
  • Protect data in transit
  • Make backups and store them carefully in case something goes wrong

By implementing adequate security measures, businesses will be able to significantly enhance the security and safety of their accounting information systems.

Information security is an important task of all businessesInformation security is an important task of all businesses

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An AIS is responsible for gathering, handling, evaluating, and retaining the financial information of a company. When required, it will retrieve and present this data to various users, including accountants, consultants, Chief Financial Officers (CFOs), auditors, and government tax authorities, among others.

Organizations can mitigate data security risks by putting in place appropriate security measures such as access controls, encryption, and regular system audits.

Is it necessary for all businesses to implement an AIS?

No, not all businesses need to implement an AIS. The decision to implement an AIS should be based on the business's specific needs and goals.

Here is all the information about accounting information system Okay Viindoo synthetic. The above article shares with businesses the functions, components and roles of AIS in enterprises. Hopefully, this information will help businesses and managers to apply it in practice effectively.

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Jun Nguyen May 18, 2023