History of artificial intelligence and the most significant milestones

Artificial Intelligence (AI for short) is always a "controversial" topic in recent times. What is the history of artificial intelligence? The following article by Viindoo will help you find the answer. Follow along in the article below!

The history of artificial intelligence dated back from 1943-1950

In 1950, Alan Turing - a British generalist published "Computing Machinery and Intelligence". He is credited with setting the stage for AI by proposing the Turing test - a method to determine if a computer can think and be intelligent or not. 

The period 1951-1956

At this period, Allen Newell, CliffShawn, and Hebert Simon came up with "The Logic Theorist" - a program to imitate human problem-solving skills. It was presented at the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence (DSRPAI) organized by John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky in 1956. The event is considered a landmark of the official establishment of artificial intelligence.

The period 1957-1974

This was the period when types of artificial intelligence flourished. Computers could store more information faster, and more easily. Besides, machine learning algorithms were improved and humans were more knowledgeable in applying those algorithms to every problem. As a result, leading AI researchers (DSRPAI attendees) successfully persuaded the government agency and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to fund AI research in several places.  

The history of artificial intelligence in the 1980s

At that time, the topic of artificial intelligence was relaunched through the expansion of algorithms and increased research funding. John Hopfield and David Rumelhart popularized advanced techniques and allowed computers to learn using human experience. 

In addition, during this same period, Edward Feigenbaum experimented with mimicking the human decision-making process. The Japanese government has decided to sponsor a large amount of money for experts and AI-related projects, especially the participation of AI related to the Fifth Generation Computer Project (FGCP).

AI learns from human experience.

AI learns from human experience.

Period 1982-1990

During that period, the Japanese government continued to invest about 400 million dollars in research and testing of artificial intelligence to improve, and implement logic programming, but most of them failed. However, the indirect effects of FGCP inspired a generation of young, talented scientists and engineers with later successes.

From here, AI no longer received as much attention as before. Unexpectedly, when there was no longer the support of the government and the public, AI went up and developed strongly. In the period between that time and 2000, many of the key goals of AI were accomplished.

In 1997, world chess champion Garry Kasparov was defeated by IBM's Deep Blue - a computer program that plays chess. This was the first match in history that a reigning chess champion lost to the computer. This is considered a great success and a new step in artificial intelligence.

During this time, speech recognition software researched and developed by Dragon System has also begun to be deployed on Windows. This is also a special event marking the development journey of artificial intelligence.

In the near future, human emotions will no longer be a barrier to AI. The proof is Kismet - Cynthia Breazeal's robot can distinguish and express emotions. 


In the current era, humanity is changing strongly with the continuous development of artificial intelligence. We may see driverless cars, or even machines far beyond human comprehension, soon after witnessing the miracles that have happened in the history of artificial intelligence created for decades. Hopes this article by Viindoo is helpful.

History of artificial intelligence and the most significant milestones
Viindoo Technology Joint Stock Company, Nguyễn Vân Anh 23 June, 2022

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